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Sentence Improvement Practice Test 2

Choose the sentence that best combines the underlined sentences into one.

1. He did not return from his camping trip until 6:00 a.m. We were all frantic with worry.

a. He did not return from his camping trip until 6:00 a.m.; however we were all frantic with
worry.

b. While we were all frantic with worry, he did not return from his camping trip until 6:00 a.m.

c. He did not return from his camping trip until 6:00 a.m., whether we were all frantic with worry.

d. Because he did not return from his camping trip until 6:00 a.m., we were all frantic with worry.


2. Everyone likes Earl. I think he is sneaky.

a. That everyone likes Earl, I think he is sneaky.

b. Everyone likes Earl, whereas I think he is sneaky.

c. Everyone likes Earl, when I think he is sneaky.

d. Everyone likes Earl, or I think he is sneaky.

 

3. Maya is an intelligent woman. Maya cannot read or write.

a. Maya cannot read or write, while she is an intelligent woman.

b. Maya cannot read or write and is an intelligent woman.

c. Although Maya cannot read or write, she is an intelligent woman.

d. Being an intelligent woman, Maya cannot read or write.

 

4. This area of the country is called "tornado alley." Many tornadoes roar through here every spring.

a. Many tornadoes roar through here every spring, while this area of the country is called
"tornado alley."

b. Many tornadoes roar through here every spring, but this area of the country is called
''tornado alley."

c. Many tornadoes roar through here every spring; therefore, this area of the country is called
"tornado alley."

d. This area of the country is called "tornado alley''; meanwhile, many tornadoes roar through
here every spring.

 

5. The owl parrot looks like a bird of prey. The owl parrot feeds on vegetable matter

a. The owl parrot looks like a bird of prey; however, it feeds on vegetable matter.

b. Feeding on vegetable matter, the owl parrot looks like a bird of prey.

c. Looking like a bird of prey, the owl parrot feeds on vegetable matter.

d. The owl parrot feeds on vegetable matter, and it looks like a bird of prey.

 

6. Mr. Markley has an unpleasant personality. Mr. Markley is a crook.

a. Mr. Markley has an unpleasant personality, and furthermore he's a crook.

b. Mr. Markley has an unpleasant personality, although he is a crook.

c. While he is a crook, Mr. Markley has an unpleasant personality.

d. Being a crook, Mr. Markley has an unpleasant personality.

 

7. We never had food fights in our cafeteria or ditched classes. We did smoke in the Girls'
Room.

a. We never had food fights in our cafeteria or ditched classes, but we did smoke in the Girls'
Room.

b. Because we never had food fights in our cafeteria or ditched classes, we smoked in the Girls' Room.

c. We never had food fights in our cafeteria or ditched classes, so we did smoke in the Girls' Room.

d. We never had food fights in our cafeteria or ditched classes and smoke in the Girls' Room.

 

8. I was afraid of the dark. I always slept with the light on.

a. I was afraid of the dark, to where I always slept with the light on.

b. Although I was afraid of the dark, I always slept with the light on.

c. I always slept with the light on being afraid of the dark.

d. I was afraid of the dark, so I always slept with the light on.

 

9. Insomnia does not usually begin as a physical problem. It can affect one's physical health.

a. Insomnia is not usually a physical problem; therefore, it can affect one's physical health.

b. Insomnia is not usually a physical problem, yet it can affect one's physical health.

c. Insomnia not usually a physical problem can affect one's physical health.

d. Insomnia is not usually a physical problem, so it can affect one's physical health.

 

10. True narcolepsy is the sudden and irresistible onset of sleep during waking hours. True
narcolepsy is extremely dangerous.

a. While true narcolepsy is the sudden and irresistible onset of sleep during waking hours and
is extremely dangerous.

b. The sudden and irresistible onset of sleep during waking hours, which is true narcolepsy but extremely dangerous.

c. True narcolepsy is the sudden and irresistible onset of sleep during waking hours, yet narcolepsy is extremely dangerous.

d. True narcolepsy is the sudden and irresistible onset of sleep during waking hours, and it is
extremely dangerous.

 

Answers:


1. d. This answer establishes the causal relationship between the two sentences.

2. b. The transitional word whereas correctly establishes a contrast.

3. c. The transitional word although correctly establishes a contrast.

4. c. This answer establishes the causal relationship between the two sentences.

5. a. The transitional word however correctly establishes a contrast.

6. a. The transitional word furthermore correctly indicates the addition of one unpleasant trait to another. Answer d is wrong because not all crooks have unpleasant personalities.

7. a. The conjunction but means "on the contrary," and indicates that the two negatives in the first main clause will be followed by their opposite or opposites in the second: never had food fights or ditched classes . . . (but) did smoke. Choice b makes an illogical connection. Choice d is unclear.

8. d. The conjunction so indicates causality. The first main clause causes the second. Choice a, although it does indicate causality, is ungrammatical. Choice c is unclear.

9. b. The conjunction yet lets the reader know that a contrast is coming: is not usually . . . (yet) it can. (Choice c is unclear.)

10. d. The conjunction and in this sentence indicates also. Choice a is wrong because it is a sentence fragment. Choice b makes no sense; choice c prepares the reader for a contrast or opposite, but there is none: narcolepsy is occurs in both main clauses.